Page 13 - Political science
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‫ﺍﻝﺴﻴﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‪/‬ﺍﻝﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﺘﺅﺜﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻬﻤﻨﺎ ﻝﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ "ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻉ"‪ .‬ﻭﺒﺎﻝﺘﺎﻝﻲ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﺘﺴﻌﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﻴﺘﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺘﻤﺜل ﻨﺼﻭﺼﺎ ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬
‫ﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺘﺜﻴﺭ ﻗﻀﺎﻴﺎ ﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﻝﺕ ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ ﺒﺎﻝﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻝﻔﻜﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺤﺎﻝﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺨﻴﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺘﻠﻙ ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺠﻴﻥ ﻓﻼﻜﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺠﻭﻝﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺠﻭﺭﺩﻭﻥ‪-‬ﺯﺍﻜﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻫﺭﺓ ﺁﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺨﺘﺎﺭﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻝﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﺕ ﻝﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻝﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻓﻀل ﺍﻝﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬
‫ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺒﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ ﺍﻝﺨﺎﺼﺔ ﺒﻬﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻀﻭﺀ ﻤﺎ ﺴﺒﻕ ﺫﻜﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺃﺩﻋﻭ ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺇﻝﻰ ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻝﻠﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻝﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ ﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺴﺎﺱ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬

                                                                          ‫ﺍﻝﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻝﻤﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

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